We use Node from the Command Line, which we access through a Terminal.
At first, the Command Line can seem really alien and weird. It's just another interface, another way of navigating through folders and talking to your computer.
Visual Studio Code has anIntegrated Terminal (in the top menu under 'View').
Here are some super useful Command Line commands:
cd — Change Directory
cd "name of folder" -- moves down into a folder
cd ../ -- moves up one folder
dir / ls — List Directory
dir -- lists files and folders below (Windows)
ls -- lists files and folders below (Mac)
cls — Clear the Terminal
gets rid of all the old Terminal text
Ctrl-C / Cmd-C — Abort
tell the Terminal to stop doing what it's doing
Any time we have usedconsole.log() it will print out in the Terminal which is handy.
We can also usepackages, which are libraries for Node. These are sometimes also called modules.
To use them, we have torequire them, and store them in a variable.
var osc = require("osc");
This variable is anObject that holds all the functionality of that package.
This means we can console.log it to see whats inside - however this can get messy with big packages. Instead, check thepackage documentation!
But how do we find, install and read about packages?
The answer to all these questions and a few more isnpmjs.com
This is the website fornpm - Node Package Manager. This comes with Node and installs packages for you.
Once you find a package you want to use, open a Terminal and navigate to where your Node programme is. Then usenpm install followed by the name of the package:
npm install osc
This week we're all gonna collaborate to make a website on the projector.
We'll do this by requiring a packaged calledOSC that allows computers to communicate easily.
Don't worry too much about what OSC is - let's learn by doing. But if you wanna read more about it after,look here
Generative Art is a broad term that gets applied often to art made with code.
To define it losely, it's art where the artist has created a situation or an algorithm where the art then makes itself.
These can be vast and complicated, involving machine learning, data anaylsis and masses of sensors.
It can also be remarkably simple, clean and beautiful.
A Ship Adrift by James Bridle
James Bridle is a British writer and artist who makes a lot of brilliant work analysing computers and technology.
He runs/ran a blog calledThe New Aesthetic that reported on the weirdness of modern culture.
His workA Ship Adrift uses real-time weather data from the wind direction in London, to move a virtual ship around the a map of the world.
Roomtone Variations by Nicolas Collins
Nicolas Collins is an American composer and hacker, who's work mainly focusses on how the technology we use to record and replay music is now part and parcel of the music itself.
In the 90s he began hacking CD Players to make generative music.
Roomtone Variations is a composition that is different everytime it is performed. This is because it uses the natural size and ambience of the room it is performed in to decide what tone to play next.
By letting a microphone feedback in the room, a dominant tone is produced. Collins then removes this tone, letting the next dominant tone come through. He repeats this until every tone in the room has been played.
He then gets a number of players to improvise on this score structure.
Saskia Freeke is a Dutch designer, coder and artist. Every day for the past 2 years she has been making geometric gifs with code.
She also wrote a handy guide to making similar things for yourself!
By now, you know pretty much everything you need to know to programme websites and make local programmes on your own computer.
You have learnt the very basics of how to code.
All you need do now is practice.
There is always so much more to learn, and every new project will probably involved learning something new.
So how do we turn creative ideas into codeable problems we can research and make?
It's important to know how to break the whole project down into smallest individual steps, so that line by line you can tell your computer what to do.
This is what anAlgorithm is: a complicated problem broken down in to each of the smallest steps possible, and written up into code.
Making an idea into an algorithm is the hardest part of writing code. But if you get it right, the rest is easy.
The best coders are those who can analyse a problem and see it step by step. The best way to write code is to make each step as small as possible.
Planning everything out on paper is a great way to visualise the problem. Making a long step-by-step to-do list shows you what needs to happen next and tells you what needs to be broken down further.
It is generally better to put each step into it's own function, so you can reuse any parts that are the same.
Think carefully what needs to go in and what needs to come out.
You can often copy and paste useful functions into future projects.
This allows you to reuse old code, and also to break parts of your code up into sensible sections.
You can do the same with Node by usingExports
When trying to figure out a problem and make anything with code, refer to this handy checklist!
Please read through Saskia Freeke's guide tomaking things in P5.js
Then think about what you want to make for you Christmas Project.
When you have the beginning of an idea, start to write down what it is and do this asexplicitly as possible.